The very first 911 was model was launched at the Frankfurt Motor Show in 1963, but was penned in 1959 to replace what was considered the ageing 'upturned bath' 356 design. Engineers wanted the power of the 356 Carrera engine, so the new car could comfortably top 100mph (160km/h), but without the complexity and expense of multiple cams, so added two cylinders instead. The resultant 122ci (2-liter) flat-six '901' engine was innovative in design, featuring dry sump lubrication and hemispherical combustion chambers. With carburettors it made a reliable 145bhp (108kW). The 1963 911 needed more strength to cope with the bigger, more powerful engine and the designers stiffened the floorpan, added large box-section sills and made the roof a stressed section. MacPherson struts and torsion bars took care of the front while the rear used a trailing-arm layout. It lasted until the 1990s.
Porsche 911 (901 model) Specifications
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